Methane: What New Mexicans need to know

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THE PROBLEM

New Mexico has a methane waste and pollution problem – it’s costing our schools millions in revenue, ruining our air and harming our climate for future generations. Methane is a powerful climate change pollutant responsible for 25 percent of the warming we experience today. It is also the primary component of natural gas and a valuable energy resource. Each year in New Mexico, oil and gas companies waste $275 million-worth of natural gas through venting, flaring, and leaks which costs the state over $40 million in royalty and tax revenue that could fund public education. Oil and gas operations also release ozone-forming pollutants that worsen respiratory diseases such as emphysema and trigger asthma attacks. Those living closest to oilfield development are exposed to cancer-causing chemicals such as benzene and toluene. If action isn’t taken increasing oil and gas production will lead to even higher pollution levels.

THE SOLUTION

First things first, be sure to sign the petition!

New Mexico’s land, air, and water are a cherished part of our heritage, and we have a moral obligation to protect them. We need to hold oil and gas companies accountable with common sense methane and air pollution rules that protect air quality and our climate. A state methane rule is a win-win that reduces pollution, increases funding for programs like education and encourage job creation in New Mexico’s growing methane mitigation industry.

We applaud Governor Lujan Grisham’s commitment to reducing methane waste and pollution, and call on her to issue draft regulations within her first year in office. Effective regulations should require oil and gas companies to cut methane emissions and repair leaks to stop energy waste, stem lost taxpayer revenue and protect our air and climate for future generations. 

METHANE WASTE COSTS NEW MEXICO TAXPAYERS, SCHOOLS & OUR ECONOMY

When oil and gas companies waste natural gas by deliberately burning it, releasing it into the air or by not fixing leaky equipment, New Mexico taxpayers lose out on tax and royalty revenue that could fund New Mexico schools.

Venting, flaring and leaks waste $275 millionof natural gas per year in New Mexico, depriving the state of more than $40 million in royalty and tax revenue that could fund public education. That is enough royalty and tax revenue to increase Pre-K enrollment by 80 percent and offer more than 7,000 additional New Mexico kids access to quality early childhood education.

Moreover, cutting methane waste creates jobs. Enacting a commonsense methane rule will ensure responsible oil and gas development and foster new jobs in the emerging methane mitigation industry. New Mexico is already home to 11 companies that specialize in methane mitigation and this industry is primed to provide even more highly skilled family-wage jobs.

OIL & GAS AIR POLLUTION THREATENS AIR QUALITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH

New Mexico is home to two energy-producing regions that are among the nation’s most-polluted. 

  • Oil and gas operations in New Mexico emit at least one million metric tons of climate-warming methane a year and hundreds of thousands of tons of smog-producing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can trigger asthma attacks and worsen other respiratory diseases such as emphysema.
  • Rural communities, tribal communities, children and the elderly are especially at risk and should the public health costs of methane waste and pollution. A recent analysis made clear that tribal communities often suffer from disproportionately high pollution levels.
  • Eddy, Lea, San Juan, Rio Arriba, and Chavez Counties – the five New Mexico counties home to 97 percent of the state’s oil and gas wells – are all at risk of violating federal ozone standards of 70 parts per million. 
  • Oil and gas operations also release hazardous air pollutants such as benzene and toluene that are proven to cause cancer, putting those living closest to oil and gas operations at the greatest risk. More than 130,000 New Mexicanslive within a half-mile of half-mile of oil and gas development. 

MORE METHANE POLLUTION MEANS ACCELERATED CLIMATE CHANGE AND AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE FOR NEW MEXICO’S CHILDREN 

Methane is potent greenhouse gas more than 80 times more powerful than carbon dioxide in the near term. In fact, about 25 percent of the global warming we are experiencing today is attributable to methane pollution. 

  • Here in New Mexico, oil and gas operations releasemore than 1 million metric tons of methane every year. That has the same short-term impacts as 22 coal-fired power plants or 28 million automobiles. 
  • NASA discovereda methane cloud the size of Delaware hovering over the Four Corners region in 2014, the highest concentration of atmospheric methane in the United States.
  • Climate change will lead to longer, more intense wildfire seasons in New Mexico that threaten the health and property of New Mexico families. In Summer 2018, the Buzzard Fire in the Gila National Forest led to elevated particulate pollutionin Albuquerque, and health experts urged residents to stay indoors.
  • According to the EPA, snowpack has been decreasing in New Mexico and the Rocky Mountain West since the 1950s, which could threaten the Rio Grande, Pecos and San Juan rivers and drinking water supplies. The risk of water scarcity and drought is increasing, and in 2018 the entire state of New Mexico was in a drought.
  • Climate change will lead to life-threatening heat waves in New Mexico. Extreme heat poses severe health risks, including death. This threat is especially acute for those without access to electricity, including 40 percentof residents in the Navajo Nation.

NEW MEXICO IS POISED TO BE A NATIONAL LEADER ON CUTTING METHANE WASTE AND POLLUTION 

In January 2019, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced that she was going to make New Mexico a national leader in cutting methane waste and pollution by adopting rules “to eclipse states that are successfully doing this work.” Gov. Lujan Grisham’s goal stands on firm ground given that Republican- and Democratic-leaning states across the U.S. have acted to cut emissions and proven solutions are a win for the environment and economy. 

  • In 2014, Colorado became the first state in the nation to limit methane emissions from oil and gas operations with the support of the state’s largest independent oil and gas producers and environmentalists. Three years later, the state strengthened rules for its largest oilfield with the support of the two largest oil and gas trade groups. And in 2019, the Colorado legislature passed a directive to strengthen methane regulations statewide. 
  • In December 2018, Wyoming adopted new rules to cut oil and gas air pollution from new development across the state. This came after the Trump administration proposed cutting federal methane standards. Wyoming’s new source rules build upon progress made in 2014, when the state adopted regulations that successfully cut emissions from new and existing sources in the Upper Green River Basin. 
  • In June 2018, the nation’s second-largest natural gas producer, Pennsylvania, adopted new permit requirements to reduce methane emissions from new, unconventional natural gas operations. The state will officially embark on a rulemaking this summer to cut emissions from existing unconventional natural gas operations. 
  • In 2015 and again in 2018, Ohio adopted rules to cut emissions from new oil and gas facilities. And just last year, the state announced a stakeholder effort to cut emissions from existing operations.  
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Q&A

Is the oil and gas industry already doing enough to reduce its methane emissions?

No. While some companies have made commitments to reduce methane emissions, that only represents a fraction of the overall industry. All of New Mexico’s oil and gas producers should follow the same commonsense standards and use technologies that limit the amount of methane gas and pollution that is leaked, vented or flared from oil and gas facilities statewide. Moreover, the latest science has shown that methane emissions are five times higher than the oil and gas industry has reported to the EPA. 

Why does New Mexico need a methane rule? Isn’t this a national issue?

The Trump administration is rolling back federal regulations on methane pollution and waste. 

  • Both the Bureau of Land Management and the Environmental Protection Agency are walking away from their oversight and enforcement of the oil and gas industry, leaving New Mexico unprotected from methane waste and pollution. 
  • Other states are stepping up with common sense rules to control methane. New Mexico needs to act to protect taxpayers and the health of local communities.

What is Gov. Lujan Grisham doing about methane?

Earlier this year Gov. Lujan Grisham issued Executive Order 2019-03, directing the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department and the New Mexico Environment Department to work together to develop rules that would cut natural gas waste and clean up air quality in rural communities. There is no time to lose. We’re calling on the governor to issue draft rules within her first year in office.

Would a state methane rule threaten oil and gas jobs in New Mexico?

No. Oil and gas development plays a significant role in New Mexico’s economy by creating jobs and funding education. As the industry continues to grow, it has a responsibility to develop oil and gas resources wisely, minimizing impacts on our communities. Other states, including Colorado, have successfully enacted rules to curb methane waste and pollution while still allowing for growth and new jobs in the oil and gas industry. Moreover, cutting methane actually creates jobs in the methane mitigation industry. 

Who supports creating a methane rule in New Mexico?

There is broad agreement for New Mexico to act on methane. Fully 87 percent of voters say that it is important for all of New Mexico’s oil and gas companies to follow the same standards to limit methane waste and pollution. Public health advocates, children’s advocates, tribal communities, environmental organizations, business leaders, elected officials and local communities across New Mexico have all supported action to cut methane waste and pollution.

Add YOUR name to the growing list of New Mexicans who support the @CutMethane movement!